A world Heritage Site.
Established in 1975 Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National park is spread over an area of 1,148 Sq. km. of the Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The Park includes the upper catchment areas of the Dudh koshi and Bhote koshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,845m. at Monjo to the top of the world highest – Sagarmatha at 8,848m. above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m. are Lhotse, Cho-Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori.
The mountains of the park are geologically young and are broken up by gorges and glacial valleys. The vegetation found at the lower altitude of the park include pine and hemlock forests, white fir, juniper, birch and rhododendron, scrub and alpine plant communities are common at the higher altitude.
The park is home of the red panda, snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, marten, Himalayan mouse hare (pika) and over 118 species of bird including the impeyan, pheasant, snow cock, blood pheasant, red billed cough, yellow billed cough etc.
The famed Sherpa people, whose lives are inter woven with the teachings of Buddhism, live in the region. The renowned Tengboche and other monasteries are common gathering places to celebrate religious festivals such as Dumje and Mani Rimdu. In addition to Tengboche, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.
For the superlative natural characteristics, UNESCO listed Sagarmatha National Park as a World Heritage Site in 1979.
The Govt. of Nepal has declared a buffer zone in and around the Sagarmatha National park in 2002 with the objective of reducing biotic pressure in the slow growing vegetation. The Govt. has also made a provision of plowing back certain percent of the revenue earned by the park to community development activities in the buffer zone. In collaboration with the local people it aims to conserve biodiversity in the region.
High altitude sickness can effect if elevation is gained too rapidly and without proper acclimatization. The symptoms are – headache, difficulty in sleeping, breathlessness, loss of appetite and general fatigue. If someone develops the symptoms, stop ascending immediately, if symptoms persist, the only proven cure is to descend to lower elevations.
Medical advice could be sought from Kunde Hospital or Pheriche Health Post.